Physiotherapy or physical therapy is a form of treatment that uses physical or mechanical (as opposed surgical and chemical) methods for correcting an injury. Most sports injuries can be corrected through physiotherapy alone or in combination with surgery.
There are a number of sports injuries that can benefit from this therapy. One is the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, which is a knee injury. Sports activities that put a lot of demand on the knees — like kickboxing, hockey, running, skiing, basketball and football — come with higher risks of players’ developing a knee injury Running Analysis London. ACL is very common among people who play these sports.
Some cases of ACL may be so severe that surgery may be necessary. Just the same, physiotherapy is almost always recommended, before and/or after surgery. There are three main groups of therapy exercises that are recommended for the treatment of ACL, the most common of which are the heel slides.
Doing the heel slides basically consists in lying down, the affected knee bended and foot on the floor, then slowly pulling the foot towards the buttocks, and finally sliding the foot back out. This exercise bends and stretches the knee and may hurt, but it is effective. It is usually recommended as a preparation for surgery, but sometimes it can also heal the injury and surgery may no longer be necessary.
Physical Therapy Exercises For Injuries
It is also effective for elbow injuries like tennis elbow. Tennis elbow happens in sports activities that involve chiefly forceful movements of the wrists and elbows, like tennis and badminton. The physical therapy for tennis elbow usually consists of a program of exercises plus ultrasound procedures that apply heat on the affected muscles to relive pain. Ultrasound is also used sometimes for other sports injuries where there is muscle pain.
Another form used for many types of sports injuries is massage. Massage helps remove the tension in muscles, tendons and connective tissues. It is also used to crush or soften nodes that form in overused muscle tissues. The type of physiotherapy used will usually depend on the cause of the injury, whether it is caused by trauma (as in colliding with a co-player in sports like football or basketball), or by a wrong movement of a body part, or by sheer physical overwork.
It has been found very effective — and often necessary for sports-related injuries and has become part of the regular sports management programs of some sports teams and sports facilities. Without physiotherapy, some sports injuries can even continue to cause pain and limit the movements of athletes and players their entire life.